In the main it consists of Johnson's vocal sides, accompanied by his acoustic guitar and sometimes a piano. There are also guitar solo features; astounding examples of Johnson's virtuosity. Johnson is heard accompanying vocalists Texas Alexander and Victoria Spivey, duetting (on vocals) with Clara Smith, Spencer Williams and Spivey, playing violin on "Johnson's Trio Stomp", and playing electric guitar on the 1950s sides.
But Johnson was more than a bluesman; he was also an important pioneer of jazz guitar. He recorded with Louis Armstrong's Hot Five, Duke Ellington and his Orchestra, and cut a series of duets with fellow guitarist Eddie Lang (AKA Blind Willie Dunn). All are represented here, along with Blind Willie Dunn's Gin Bottle Four's "Jet Black Blues", which features King Oliver and Hoagy Carmichael.